Download Africa's experience with structural adjustment: proceedings by Kapil Kapoor, World Bank PDF

By Kapil Kapoor, World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821332988

ISBN-13: 9780821332986

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Extra info for Africa's experience with structural adjustment: proceedings of the Harare seminar, May 23-24, 1994, Parts 63-288

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Salvatore Schiavo-Campo No. S. Market. Tyler Biggs, Gail R. Moody, Jan-Hendrik van Leeuwen, and E. Diane White No. 243 Liberalizing Trade in Services. Bernard Hoekman and Pierre Sauvé No. 244 Women in Higher Education: Progress, Constraints, and Promising Initiatives. K. Subbarao, Laura Raney, Halil Dundar, and Jennifer Haworth No. 245 What We Know About Acquisition of Adult Literacy: Is There Hope? Helen Abadzi No. 246 Formulating a National Strategy on Information Technology: A Case Study of India.

Comparing the policies and performance of 29 Sub-Saharan African countries during two periods, from 1981 to 1986, when most African countries were in economic crises, and from 1987 to 1991, when these countries adopted -structural adjustment programs, the study concluded that for those countries that had undertaken and sustained major policy reforms, adjustment was working. While policy reforms remained incomplete and implementation had been uneven across sectors and across countries, policies were getting better and were more conducive for restoring economic growth and reducing poverty.

Reforms such as fertilizer liberalization, or the elimination of consumer food subsidies did little to hurt the poor, because they weren't benefitting very much in the preadjustment period. These reforms may have helped them to the extent that the reforms enabled the poor to get access to fertilizer hitherto unavailable and increased low producer food crop prices. But some poor households that were net purchasers of subsidized foods may have been hurt. There is, however, little evidence of widespread substantial increases in real food prices compared to parallel market prices.

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