By Lynne Olson, Stanley Cloud
A query of Honor is the gripping, little-known, and brilliantly informed tale of the rankings of Polish fighter pilots who helped shop England throughout the conflict of england and in their beautiful betrayal through the us and England on the finish of worldwide battle II.
Centering on 5 pilots of the popular Kosciuszko Squadron, the authors convey how the fliers, pushed by means of their passionate wish to release their place of origin, got here to count one of the such a lot heroic and winning fighter pilots of global warfare II. Drawing at the Kosciuszko Squadron’s unofficial diary–filled with the fliers’ own reports in combat–and on letters, interviews, memoirs, histories, and pictures, the authors deliver the boys and battles of the squadron vividly to lifestyles. We stick to the important characters from their education sooner than the battle, via their hair-raising get away from Poland to France after which, after the autumn of France, to Britain. We see how, first taken care of with disdain by way of the RAF, the Polish pilots performed a vital function throughout the conflict of england, the place their daredevil ability in attractive German Messerschmitts in shut and lethal strive against whereas conserving the planes of their personal teams quickly made them mythical. And we study what occurred to them after the warfare, whilst their nation was once deserted and passed over to the Soviet Union.
A query of Honor additionally supplies us a revelatory historical past of Poland in the course of global struggle II and of the numerous millions within the Polish military who fought with the Allies. It tells of the country’s endless fight opposed to either Hitler and Stalin, its lengthy conflict for independence, and the tragic cave in of that dream within the “peace” that undefined. robust, relocating, deeply related to, [i]A query of Honor is a tremendous addition to the literature of worldwide struggle II.
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Additional resources for A Question of Honor: The Kosciuszko Squadron: Forgotten Heroes of World War II
Analysis of US government data on arms sales to these twenty-five countries reveals that, in the first five years following 11 September 2001, total US arms sales (Foreign Military Sales and Direct Commercial Sales) were worth four times more than those concluded in the five years prior to 11 September 2001. Moreover, these same countries received eighteen times more total US military assistance (Foreign Military Financing and International Military Education and Training) after 11 September than they had before.
According to SIPRI, global arms sales between 1984 and 1988 averaged nearly $42 billion a year. 57 Between 1994 and 1998, arms sales averaged approximately $22 billion a ~ e a r . 59 Currently, the trend is being reversed. New arms sales agreements reached a new post-Cold War high at nearly $60 billion in 2007, the highest in eight yearsb0However, arms deliveries decreased in zoo7 from zoo6 levels, due to significantly fewer arms deliveries to China and the United Arab Emirates. 61 The downturn in global arms sales can be explained by several factors.
The tension between restraining arms transfers in order to avoid future Gulf wars, and the desire to arm allies in order to defend national interests in the event of future Gulf wars, was most apparent in the US sale of advanced weaponry to Saudi Arabia. g0 Indeed, the United States was the primary supplier of arms to the Middle East throughout the ~ g g o smaking , large sales to Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. Bill Hartung reveals that 'in the nine weeks from September 1992 until election day, the Bush Administration announced over $20 million in new overseas arms deals.